1971 War: Inder Gul who walked out during a meeting
Throughout the 1971 war between India and Pakistan, there was always the danger that China might intervene and invade India from Pakistan. To deal with the situation, General Manekshaw deployed 167, 5 and 123 Mountain Battalions on the Bhutanese border.
General Jacob, Chief of Staff of the Eastern Command, informed Director General (Military Operations) General Inderjit Singh Gul at the Army Headquarters in Delhi that he was withdrawing these battalions and taking them to the Bangladesh war.
Despite Maneksha’s opposition, Inderjit agreed to the proposal.
When the head of the Eastern Command, General Jagjit Singh Arora, came to know about it, he immediately informed General Maneksha. Within two hours, Maneksha replied, “I care more about you than any other woman.” Who told you to remove these brigades from the northern border? Send them back to that place immediately. ‘
It was heard that the ground slipped under General Arora’s feet. He entered General Jacob’s room with Maneksha’s message in his hand.
General Jacob writes in his book ‘Surrender at Dhaka: Birth of a Nation’: ‘I called Inder Gul and said we could not send these brigades back because it would take weeks.’
Now the best way is to reassure Manekshaw that China will not get into this fight. Gul fully agreed with me, but promised me that I would not use these troops in East Pakistan without his approval.
“On December 8, after repeated requests from me and Inder Gul, Maneksha finally agreed that the Chinese would not join the fight. So they allowed the use of the 5th and 167th Mountain Brigades.
Earlier, on the initiative of Inder Gul, the 123 Mountain Brigade was airlifted to the western border, where Indian troops were not performing well. Inder Gul once again showed that he has an amazing ability to assess the situation, take responsibility and make decisions.
S. Mathia, author of General Inderjit Singh Gul’s autobiography ‘Born to Deer’, writes:
When Jacob demanded the deployment of these brigades on December 6 to increase pressure on Dhaka, the insiders allowed them to do so at their own risk.
When Manekshaw found out, his anger skyrocketed, but Gul stood his ground. He assured Manekshaw that these troops would not be used in East Pakistan without his permission.
Mukti Bahini training plan
When action was being planned in East Pakistan, General KK Singh was the Director General (Military Operations) but in August 1971 he was promoted to General Officer Commanding of a Corps.
Manekshaw wanted to replace him with Major General A. Vohra, but he was doing a long military course in Britain. Indra was then made acting DGMO as a second choice.
In April 1971, when Gul was the Director (Military Training), he presented a paper to the Chiefs of Staff Committee, in which he directed the East to organize the Bengali youth who came as refugees to win the war. He stressed the need to train young people working in Pakistan and coordinate with the Awami League government in exile.
As a result, on May 1, 1971, Sam Manekshaw issued Operational Instruction No. 52, ordering General Jagjit Singh Arora, Chief of the Eastern Command, to train and arm the Mukti Bahini troops for guerrilla warfare in East Pakistan.
The army entered East Pakistan before the war began
The initial goal was to have 2,000 guerrilla forces by September 30. It was later increased to 12,000 per month and then to 20,000 per month.
By October-November, Mukti Bahini fighters began to make their presence felt. They began to push the Pakistani army by blowing up small bridges, sinking several boats, attacking military convoys and police stations.
General AAK Niazi, the Pakistani commander in East Pakistan, wrote in his book, The Battle in East Pakistan: The war with India actually started on the night of Eid on November 20-21.
On the same day, India crossed the border with many of its battalions and tanks and artillery. Mukti Bahini fighters were helping him. By the time the war was formally declared on December 3, about 4,000 Pakistani soldiers had been killed.
Pakistani attack advance notice
The fighting between India and Pakistan started on December 3, but Inder Gul had noticed it a few days ago.
During his initial posting as Director (Military Training), Gul was in constant contact with the military attachs of foreign embassies. Many of them became his friends.
Later, when he became director (military operations), the government banned him from meeting with foreign representatives. But their friendship continued. On the evening of November 30, 1971, he received a call from the Australian Attach at his home.
The attach بتایا told him that something big was about to happen because the children and women of all foreign embassies in Pakistan had been asked to leave Pakistan within 24 hours.
“Preparations for the attack in Pakistan seem to be in the final stages,” he told Gul. Indira immediately informed Sam Maneksha and Maneksha took the news to Indira Gandhi.
S. Mathia writes: ‘
Report of attack
At 5 pm on December 3, 1971, Inderjit Gul and his colleagues were briefing all the senior military officers about the latest situation in the operation room of the DMO office.
Deepinder Singh, who is currently serving as Manekshaw’s military assistant, writes in his autobiography, Sam Manekshaw Soldier with Dignity: Attacking bases.
Colonel Derek Joseph: Who was the Armenian Colonel who destroyed several Indian tanks in the 1971 war?
Retired Lieutenant Colonel Derek Joseph, who fought for Pakistan in the 1971 war between Pakistan and India and destroyed seven Indian tanks, has died in Peshawar.
Colonel Joseph was one of the officers of the Pakistan Army who not only made a name for himself in the wars but also left a large number of his fans and friends depressed with his character and morals.
Colonel Derek Joseph was born on November 13, 1945 and was commissioned into the Pakistan Army on April 20, 1969.
Dennis Joseph, Colonel Joseph’s brother and a retired professor at Edwards College in Peshawar, said his family came to Afghanistan from Armenia and lived in Kabul and Nangarhar, and later when British troops withdrew from Afghanistan, his family Par preferred to live in today’s Pakistani city of Peshawar.
According to Professor Dennis, his father, Dr. Paul Joseph, was a general surgeon at the famous Mission Hospital in Peshawar who treated people here, while his mother taught English at various colleges.
According to Professor Dennis Joseph, the deceased lived alone in his house and he used to call him every morning to check on his well-being, but when he did not answer the phone call on Thursday morning, they reached his house. When they broke down the locked door and entered, Colonel Joseph was lying dead there.
According to Professor Dennis, his brother was a straightforward and straightforward man and the army was his life.
“Why didn’t Colonel Joseph become a general?”
Retired Brigadier Muhammad Saad, a friend of Col. Joseph, said that given Col. Joseph’s abilities, there was a clear possibility that he would rise to the rank of general. I preferred to go where he served for the next three years.
He adds, “The Derek family came from Armenia who came to Afghanistan in the 19th century, but then their family moved from Afghanistan to Peshawar in 1890 after differences arose between their grandfather and Amir Abdul Rahman of Afghanistan. That is what happened later.
“Colonel Joseph’s two tanks were destroyed but he kept fighting.”
Retired Brigadier Simon Sharaf, who was associated with Col. Joseph in his lifetime, said, “He played a key role in the Indian Army’s footsteps on the Chonda Zafarwal Bada Pind front in the 1971 Pakistan-India War.”
According to Simon Sharaf, Colonel Joseph destroyed seven tanks of the Indian Army for which he was later awarded the Medal of Courage.
He says that during this battle, one of Col. Joseph’s tanks was hit by an enemy and destroyed, after which he fought in another tank, which was also destroyed and he himself was wounded in the attack. Were done
However, he did not give up and continued to write his name in the list of heroes.
Tribute to friends
Many veterans and civilians on Facebook called Col. Joseph a real and brave soldier and called his death a great tragedy.
Some people have written that there have been many great people in the land of Peshawar whose services the locals are still unaware of.
When Colonel Joseph’s family came from Armenia, some people on social media also expressed surprise that we did not know how people were serving this land as sons.
Tayyab Hoti, a social media user, wrote that he met Col. Joseph at the Armed Corps Center in Nowshera in 1994, where he had the opportunity to recite the Koran before the ceremony began.
Tayyab Hoti says that as long as he was reciting, Colonel Joseph stood on the stage in respect of the recitation.
Lieutenant Colonel (retd) Derek Joseph was buried with full military honors in Peshawar’s Gora Cemetery.
Previous post: Mohammad Rafi:who ‘invented’ film singing
Turkish Series English Urdu Subtilties | History Daily Update | Islamic Articles And Interesting Facts….