Allauddin Khilji who deceitfully killed his uncle for the kingdom
A full 725 years ago today, on October 21, 1296, there was an atmosphere of celebration in Qasr Safid and Qasr Lal in Delhi, the capital of the Delhi Empire.
On this day, diamonds and pearls were being laid from these two palaces, gold, silver and jewels were being distributed and the mouth of the royal treasury was opened for the people because on this day Allauddin Khilji was crowned.
The same Allauddin Khilji who later built a palace a thousand pillars a mile north of Mehroli and then ruled almost the whole of India from the same palace.
The festivities at the palace were nothing new, but continued from the day Allauddin Khilji deceitfully assassinated his uncle and father-in-law, Sultan Jalaluddin of the Delhi Empire, and proclaimed his kingdom.
Although the assassination of Sultan Jalaluddin had created an atmosphere of fear and panic, historians say that Ali Garship (Ala-ud-Din’s real name) with the title of Ala-ud-Din’s parents Muhammad Shah Sultan died at noon on July 29, 1296. Proclaimed the kingdom.
Pervez Ashrafi, author of a pamphlet called Allauddin, writes, “The martyrdom of Jalaluddin made people and properties hate Allauddin. Realizing these circumstances, Allauddin ruthlessly distributed the booty he had obtained from the Deccan to the people. It is said that on his way from Delhi, he laid five mannas of gold at each stop with a small catapult.
In addition, those who enlisted in the army were given hundreds of rupees in rewards. With so much rain of wealth, he has made the people as well as the elders of Delhi his ally.
Due to the flooding of the Ganges and Jumna rivers, it took some time for Allauddin to reach Delhi, but after entering Delhi through the Badaun Gate, when Jalaluddin’s youngest son, Rukanuddin, decided to fight, his army A part of it went to Allauddin, after which Rakn-ud-Din, in the dark of night, with his mother and other devotees, took whatever they could from the palace and left for Multan through the Ghazni gate, where his brother’s office Was
Allauddin Khilji, as portrayed by a certain class in India today as a savage, luxurious and tyrannical king, was in contrast a wise and opportunistic king who ruled over all of India after the Gupta Empire. Ruled over a large region and extended the Delhi Empire to Deccan and Gujarat.
Moin Ahmad Nizami of Oxford University says: “Allauddin Khilji was an administrative genius, a courageous ruler and a great politician. With a strong and disciplined army, he put down many uprisings and took control of one of the largest empires in South Asia.
“One of their greatest military achievements has been to protect India from numerous Mongol invasions. He made sure that the power of the princes was controlled and that the officials did not acquire wealth and power that would endanger their crown.
Allauddin was born in the house of Shahabuddin Masood, the elder brother of King Jalaluddin, and was named Ali Garship. Historian Muhammad Saeed Ahmad Jafari has written in his book ‘Alexander II Sultan Allauddin’ that ‘Sultan Jalaluddin Feroz Shah Khilji had a nephew named Allauddin bin Shahabuddin Masood from the time when he was his mother. He drank milk, nurtured it with great pride and bliss.
He loved her more than his sons. Marna had never even looked at him with a sharp eye. Just as the children of the rich usually do not recite a single word in pampering, so too it remained empty and could not be filled with the treasury of knowledge.
But there were signs of bravery and masculinity in him from his childhood. Sultan Jalaluddin, who was very brave himself, was very happy to see it and was always ready to spill his life on it. The pain made me very anxious.
He further writes, “Ever since (Ala-ud-Din) got his hands and feet under control, he has been carrying a weapon suitable for his body and height. From the beginning he loved archery, javelin throwing, hunting and horse riding. By the time he reached the age of distinction, he had developed the skill and perfection in all the arts of martial arts that would make the fingers of an old man look ugly. Poor Sultan Chacha used to go to Bagh Bagh after observing the movements of his infants, but he did not know that what I was seeing was my death.
Governorate of Kara
Allauddin Khilji was made the governor of Kara after successfully crushing the rebellion.
After that, when the adjoining area was annexed to the Delhi Empire, these areas were also made responsible. Earlier, Ala-ud-Din was made the emir of the kingdom in charge of Tazak (celebration) and the king married one of his daughters to his nephew Ala-ud-din and the other daughter to another nephew Aslam Baig who is Allauddin’s brother-in-law. Was brother
During the campaign of Bhesla and Malwa, Allauddin Khilji came to know about the wealth of Deogri and he attacked his uncle without telling him and succeeded. But instead of going to Delhi, he returned to Kara and sent his brother to the Sultan, saying that Allauddin was so frightened of him that he could not dare to meet him and that he should be pardoned.
The king immediately issued an apology and then Aslam Baig somehow persuaded the king to travel to Kara where the king was killed while fasting and Ali Garship emerged as the guardian of the world.
Although there is no mention of Rani Padmini in the Persian source, one section insists that Allauddin Badshah did not spare a single minute to get Rani Padmani or Padmavati.
Moin Ahmad Nizami says, “Allauddin Khilji invaded and captured Chittor in 1303, while Malik Muhammad Jaisi, a sixteenth-century Sufi poet, wrote a legendary, allegorical story in 1540 in which he attacked Chittor. He attributed the reason to the Sultan’s desire to get the Padmini of the Raja of Chittor.
He says that “the way romance, adventure and tragedy meet in the story, it captured the minds of the people and during the 17th century in many Persian histories, including the stories of the angel and Haji al-Dabir.” It was described. Relying on the local traditions of the Rajputs, the British officer, Colonel James Todd, presented the story in a more glorious way.
Moin Ahmed added, “This story is full of unreal and historical mistakes. It was written as an allegorical story in a Sufi epic more than two centuries after the conquest of Chittor and is not the story of a real historical event.
None of the early historians, poets or travelers like Barani, Asami, Amir Khosrow, Ibn Batuta, Bahamid Khan and Yahya Sirhindi have referred to the Padmani issue. Amir Khosrow, who accompanied the Sultan to Chittor and gives a detailed account of the siege, does not mention any such incident. Thus, Padmani’s story is found only in Jaisi’s Padmavat, the traditional story and in the anecdotes which have borrowed it from Padmavat.
He said that the portrayal of Allauddin Khilji in the recent film Padmavat was a serious misrepresentation of an important historical figure. His image as a tyrant, a savage aggressor, and an uncivilized luxury is completely devoid of any historical fact.
But Rajendra Singh Khangrot, a history professor in Jaipur, says the story of Ratan Singh of Chittor, whose queen was Padmini, cannot be seen in isolation. Rana Ratan Singh became king in 1302, but earlier Rajput kings were also constantly fighting with the empire.
Rajendra Singh Khangrot explains that the controversy between Allauddin Khilji and Ratan Singh cannot be viewed separately. It was a power struggle that began in 1191 between Muhammad Ghauri and Prithviraj Chauhan.
Professor Khangrot said: “After the conflict between the Turks and the Rajputs, the conflict between the Delhi Empire and the Rajputs begins. After this, the people who became emperors from slaves tried to spread their legs in Rajputana. Qutbuddin Aibak remained active in Ajmer. Al-Tamish remained active in Jalore and Ranthambore. Balban tried in Mewar, but he couldn’t do anything special.
He said that the struggle was already going on and then came Khilji which lasted between 1290 and 1320. Khilji is considered to be the most enthusiastic of them all. The year 1310 mentions Chittor in Persian documents which clearly shows that Khilji wanted power and Chittor was attacked for political reasons.
Historians of the Delhi Empire believe that Aladdin Khilji was at the forefront of the affairs of the empire and its founder. They organized the market.
Moin Ahmad Nizami says: “Through his economic reforms and a systematic tariff policy, he controlled the volatile market and ensured that there was no hoarding or price increase. The anti-hoarding laws were so strictly enforced that it was not possible for any trader or food retailer to stockpile grain or sell it at a price higher than the official rates.
He quoted the famous Chishti Sheikh Nasir-ud-Din Chirag’s book Khair-ul-Majalis based on Delhi’s discourse as saying: In those days there was no beggar who did not have cotton clothes on his body. Allauddin used to send little boys to the bazaars to test the honesty and truthfulness of the merchants. Get reports from various sources and punish the culprits.
The Sufi poet Amir Khosrow, who was given the title of Tutai Hind, wrote Khazain-ul-Futuh, based on the time of Allauddin Khilji, which came to light in 1311. He praised Allauddin not because of the army but because of the administrative and economic measures taken for the welfare of the people.
Moin Ahmad Nizami says that although he was not educated, he was very interested in learning and believing in religion. He had gathered in his court a large number of scholars, intellectuals and poets. They included historians such as Amir Khosrow, Hassan Sajji (compiled by Sufi biographers of Sayyar al-Awliya), Ain-ul-Mulk Multani (whose work is a marquee of beautiful prose), Amir Arsalan Kolhi, Kabiruddin and others.
Allauddin also had great faith in the Sufis of the time, including Bo Ali Shah Qalandar of Panipat and Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi.
He says the reasons why Barani praised Allauddin’s rule include: ‘crushing the Mongols’, ‘cheap living and abundant necessities and fixed grain prices in times of scarcity’, roads. And to make highways safe, etc. ‘
Harbans Makhya, a well-known modern historian, says that Khilji did many things in the public interest during his reign. He says Khilji has been instrumental in controlling prices.
Well known historian Zia-ud-Din Burney is quoted as saying that there were more than ten thousand Muslims in Delhi at that time, most of them Mongols. Most of them had been unemployed for many years. When Sultan Allauddin came to blow his trumpet in a single karta, the nine Muslims intended to assassinate the king, but the king somehow became aware of this and quietly ordered the killing of all of them. Given
Burney says King Allauddin did not care about anything, neither religion nor kinship or the rights of others. It is said that on a particular day thousands of nine Muslims were killed, most of whom did not even know that there was a conspiracy against the king.
Allauddin is said to have had a passion for conquering the world as well as for starting a new religion. But one of his special confidants convinced him that God Himself chooses the Prophet for the new religion and that it is not the job of any king.
He also asked how many kings had preceded him in establishing any religion.
Similarly, when Allauddin expressed his desire to conquer the world, his confidant said that after his departure from India, this empire would also be lost to him. Should be made sustainable.
Allauddin is said to have had no religious knowledge other than the basics of prayer, but like the educated people, he had firm faith in the religion. He used to offer prayers but he was not fasting at all.
Allauddin Khilji had fallen ill in his last days and his son and wife had also started ignoring him. Allauddin’s illness has been described by Burney as “thirst”, while Amir Khosrow has described it as a liver disease, while Asami has described it as extremely painful. That is, they had gone mad with the intensity of the pain and had become indifferent to everything.
The historian Fereshta has written on the basis of this that Khidr Khan and Malik Jahan, the wife of the king, instead of taking care of the king, engaged themselves in celebrations and the Sultan began to feel very sorry for her.
The eldest son, Khidr Khan, began to organize parties for travel and entertainment, playing polo and fighting elephants, and because of this, many unsuspecting companions began to gather around him. Amir Khusrau, in his book on Khidr Khan, mentions that although the king had appointed him crown prince, there was a great moral decline in him.
Seeing all this, Allauddin deposed the Crown Prince and summoned his special confidant Malik Kafur. But when Malik Kafur saw the king’s condition, he began to think about establishing his own government.
According to the historian, on the last day, Malik Kafur presented the military officers before the king on his death bed, where it was decided that Shahabuddin Umar, who was born from the womb of Ramdev’s daughter Jithapali, would be made king.
Shahab-ud-Din was about six years and a few months old at that time, so Malik Kafur will be in charge of the affairs of the state in his name. The king’s condition deteriorated and not a word came out of his mouth and Shahab-ud-Din was declared his successor as a guarantee of his silence.
And then late that night, on January 4, 1316, the king breathed his last, and Malik Kafur took out the king’s ring and handed it to Sanbal, who had the right to go to Gwalior immediately and take charge of the fort, and before returning the king Khidr Khan, the eldest son of the BJP, should be made blind and in the midst of all this, the Delhi Empire fell into disarray once again.