History of Great Philippines | The History of the Greatest Philippines

the history of what is today the Philippines started with the arrival of its first humans it is believed they used rafts or boats around 60 000 years ago with groups of diverse people settling in the archipelago some of these groups started to develop and expand into bigger settlements and in the next thousands of years they evolved into what some scholars believe to be considered.

History of Great Philippines  The History of the  Philippines

early states austronesians and afterwards speakers of the malayo-polynesian languages began to arrive in successive waves beginning about 4000 bc according to the existing evidence a jade culture existed on these lands starting with the neolithic era by 1000 bc it is believed that the inhabitants of the archipelago had developed into four distinct kinds of people tribal groups warrior societies the petsy plutocracy and the harbor civilizations also important to note is the fact that the metallurgy reached the archipelago due to trade with india around 300 to 700 a.d.

the seafaring people of the islands began to trade with the indianized kingdoms in the malay archipelago and the nearby east asian principalities adopting influences from both buddhism and hinduism some cultures of present-day vietnam showed evidence of an extensive trade network artifacts and goods were traded such as glass agate or gold there were also other items present in the region which were most likely imported including ear ornaments that have been found in archaeological sites in the philippines thailand and taiwan the indian culture influenced.

the southeast asian region starting with the first century during the period of the south indian pallava dynasty and the north indian gupta empire indian culture spread to southeast asia and it reached the philippines which led to the establishment of new kingdoms largely influenced by the indian culture and traditions the date inscribed in the oldest philippine document found so far the laguna copperplate inscription is 900 a.d from the details of the document written in cowie’s script the bearer of a debt nam warren along with his children is cleared of a debt by the ruler of tondo.

this is the earliest document that shows the use of mathematics in pre-colonial philippine societies a standard system of weights and measures is also demonstrated by the use of precise measurement for gold and other items as well as in astronomy from the various sanskrit terms and titles seen in the document the culture and society of the manila bay were that of hindu old malay amalgamation similar to the cultures of java peninsular malaysia and sumatra at the time in the years leading up to 1000 there were already several maritime societies existing in the islands but there was no unifying political state encompassing.

the entire philippine archipelago instead the region was divided into numerous semi-autonomous city-states under the rule of the plutocracy while a number of states existed alongside the highland societies these smaller structures alternated between being part of or being influenced by larger asian empires like maya pahit around 1225 the nation of mai a buddhist pre-hispanic philippine island state centered in mondoro flourished attracting traders and shipping from the kingdom of ryukyu to the empire of japan ciao jakua a customs inspector.

in fukian province china wrote the description of the barbarous peoples describing trade with this pre-colonial state its people were noted for their honesty in trade much of what is now Indonesia was ruled by the Hindu Maya pachit empire during the 1300s this empire ruled over luzon island and the sulu archipelago as more and more influence was on these islands skirmishes and battles also existed some local tribes were waging incessant guerrilla warfare against them eventually the kingdoms of luzon regained independence from maya pahit after the battle of manila 1365.

sulu also re-established independence and in vengeance assaulted the mayapahit province of brunei before a fleet from the capital drove them out the start of the islamic era in indonesia set the collapse of the mayapahits as its provinces eventually seceded and became independent sultanates in 1380 makdum kareem an arab trader born in johor arrived in sulo from malacca and brought islam to the philippines additionally sharif ul hashem an arab muslim explorer established the sultanate of sulu by converting its previous ruler the hindu king raja bhagwinda to islam and then marrying his daughter the sultanate of maghin de neo rose to prominence at the end of the 15th century.

The History of the Great Philippines

History

meanwhile the religion was introduced to the area by muslim missionaries and traders from the middle east indian and malay regions who propagated islam to sulu and maguindanao as before when buddhist and hindu cultures influenced the archipelago the same case happened with the muslim culture upon the secession of brunei from the maya pahit empire they imported the arab emir from mecca sheriff ali and became an independent sultanate the new religion started to grow roots in the philippines through conquest and conversion of local leaders in the next decades moreover islam was further strengthened by the arrival to the philippines of traders and proselytizers from malaysia and indonesia in 1521.

the spanish reached the archipelago through the expedition around the world led by portuguese-born spanish explorer ferdinand magellan claiming the islands he saw for the spanish empire he established friendly relations with some of the local leaders and converted some of them to roman catholicism because the philippines are a large archipelago the spaniards started to explore many islands however the explorer ferdinand magellan was killed during the battle of maktan against the local ruler lapu lapu over the next several decades other spanish expeditions were dispatched to the islands in 1543 an expedition was led to the islands naming them philippines in honor of philip of austria who became philip ii of spain on january 16 1556.

the name was then extended to the entire archipelago later on in the spanish era european colonization began in earnest when spanish explorer miguel lopez de la gatsby arrived from mexico in 1565 and forms the first european settlements in cebu through diplomatic and military annexation of some lands incorporating local states including the kingdom of tondo the spaniards established manila as the capital of the spanish east indies in 1578.

Philippines  The History of the  Philippines

the castillan war erupted between the christian spaniards and muslim bruneians over control of the philippine archipelago the christian troops were so diverse due to generally being made up of people under the spanish rule including native americans namely aztecs mayans and incans who were gathered and sent from mexico and south america to be led by spanish officers that had worked together with native filipinos in military campaigns across southeast asia the muslim side was also very diverse though they were supported by the ottoman empire with their troops consisting of malay warriors and expeditionary forces sent by the ottomans.

which included mainly turks egyptians swahili’s somalis indians and others the conflict ended with a status quo antebellum just 20 years after the conquest of luzon remarkable progress existed in the work of colonization of the islands and the spread of christianity a cathedral was built in the city of manila with an episcopal palace other monastery in churches were built across islands and more and more people started to convert to christianity furthermore spanish and mexican families settled in the new lands creating stronger communities much of the archipelago came under.

spanish rule creating the first unified political structure known as the philippines spanish colonial rule saw the introduction of christianity the code of law and the oldest modern university in asia the philippines was ruled by the mexico-based vice royalty of new spain and after the colony was directly governed by spain many of the local people revolted in the next centuries due to some abuses made by the spanish authorities their rule ended after the american spanish war at the end of the 19th century in 1898 the philippines became a territory of the united states the united states.

then established the insular governments to rule the philippines in 1907 the elected assembly was set up with popular elections the u.s promised independence in the jones acts to the country and the philippine commonwealth was established in 1935 as a 10-year interim step period to full independence but before gaining total freedom in 1942 during world war ii the philippines was occupied by japanese forces by 1945.

the us liberated the philippines and the treaty of manila in 1946 established an independent philippine republic the period of their independence was marked by internal skirmishes and a smaller period of dictatorship but also huge progress and development with manuel roxas becoming the first president of the independent republic of the philippines the united states seceded its sovereignty over the philippines on july 4 1946.

as scheduled however the philippine economy remained highly dependent on united states markets roxas died suddenly of a heart attack in april 1948 and the vice president elpidio cuarino ruled the country until 1953. some communist partisans existed in the islands but were defeated in the 50s additionally an important event happened in the middle of the 1960s ferdinand marcos took power in 1965.

The History of the  Greatest Philippines

and ruled until 1986. this era included the final years of the third republic from 1965 to 1972 and the philippines under martial law 1972-1981 his reign was marked by dictatorship and instability in 1986 ferdinand marcos was removed from power and replaced by maria corazon aquino up to the present day five other presidents ruled the philippines.

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