the industrial revolution the birth of modern day life without it the world would be quite a bit different than how we know it today manufacturing and even purchasing goods would be vastly altered as with the workforce for many people the industrial revolution was a much welcomed miracle for others it was a threatening time of change either way there is one question that can be asked of any of us how did the industrial revolution actually happen.
the industrial revolution first began in great britain during the latter half of the 18th century throughout the next century the process of mechanizing the factory systems replacing hand production with machine production processes and the growing use of steam and water power all contributed to the first industrialization of britain and soon the rest of europe and the united states.
as british entrepreneurs eagerly exported this new knowledge and way of life to their neighbors and allies in terms of how the revolution first began before expanding though this can be attributed to a few different factors at the time great britain had a level of political stability that could easily endure such overhauling changes across the country it also had a steady economy that was able to fund and maintain the century of industrialization.
a strong pool of entrepreneurs and inventors proved to be a crucial pillar for the revolution as well and easily accessible ports and roads for these businessmen to export their new quickly produced goods were a helpful addition britain also had a plethora of natural resources which together with everything else made the perfect opportunity for this exact kind of nationwide adjustment to happen if not for the political stability in great britain the industrial revolution may not have been such a successful period.
especially considering the heavy criticism that it received but luckily for britain and eventually the world the 18th century was a pretty stable time within the empire the british east india company was finding success abroad there were some overseas conflicts such as the seven years war and the american revolution but nothing was too bad back home and the british crown was holding strong slavery was also abolished during this period.
an important decision that helped to quell the one significant threat unrelated to rival powers which was the recurring slave rebellions all in all the political realm of great britain during the industrial revolution was reliable and well equipped to handle whatever was to come but it wasn’t just the political stability that mattered the economy was crucial as well during the 18th century.
the british economy was prosperous around the globe focused on building a widely sprawling trade network while other global powers look to expand their territorial gains the british empire has no shortage of commercial success or income and it was thanks to this steady economy that the industrial revolution could be funded and invested in still money and a reliable government alone can’t power machinery but natural resources can great britain had an excess of coal and iron.
in addition to other valuable resources that played a crucial role in the industrialization process and powering its machinery even with a bounty of natural resources though in order to utilize them to such a high degree there had to be ways of transporting these goods and yet again the brits hit the jackpot because they had exactly this many readily available roads ports and canals served as easy ways for resources and even finished products to be transported to their desired destination.
which made powering industrial machinery and selling the products they produced not only possible but even fairly simple and to pair perfectly with the stable politics reliable economy abundant natural resources and easy transport was the large pool of entrepreneurial and inventive personalities within the nation without people to invent and utilize the new mechanized factory system and other points of industrialization the revolution never could have happened.
furthermore it was only due to the eagerness and willingness of these people to share the new discoveries and methods that the industrialization process was able to spread all throughout europe and the former british colonies in the united states with all those factors a perfect foundation was set for the mechanization of britain for a long.
while great britain had been a leading producer of materials such as wool cotton and linen and the thought of being able to produce even more even faster was quite appealing some of the early inventions from the industrial revolution came in the form of textile making machinery the flying shuttle invented in 1733 and spinning jenny in 1770 where some of these inventions that drastically changed.
the world of textile production the water frame had also come a year prior to the spinning jenny and the power loom would soon be created in 1785 all of these new machines would gain sweeping popularity in the british textile industry as they were able to greatly reduce the use of manpower and increase production but it wasn’t just cotton and wool that would soon be easier to produce other inventions.
such as the milling machine screw cutting lathe and cylinder boring machine all played important roles in industrialization as did the popularization of steam power around this time although the first steam engine had been birthed back at the start of the 18th century by an inventor named thomas newcomen it wasn’t until another inventor a scot by the name of james watt upgraded newcomen’s design to create a much more efficient version of the engine.
which would require much less fuel that it really became widely accepted this alone helped to boost the prevalence of steam power but the real boom came when watt teamed up with another man matthew balton to add a rotary motion to the updated steam engine making it possible to use in a plethora of industries from paper to flower to iron and iron was a significant player in the revolution on its own as coke a material created.
through the process of heating coal replaced charcoal in the production of rot and pig iron prices to produce went down thanks to the lowered fuel cost and manufacturers could now use larger blast furnaces as well steam engines cast iron blowing cylinders and additional changes made in the iron production industry made it a major piece of the industrialization of britain and in a wonderful paradox the steam engine.
the steam engine the steam engine may extract larger amounts of coal water amounts of coal wanted coal to be fueled everything seemed to be coming together flawlessly and the world in great britain appeared to be opening up to a new and easier way of life but this meant that other areas of life needed to become easier too not just for the workforce for example in 1837 charles wheatstone and william cook patented.
the first commercial telegraphy system to make long distance communication easier and more accessible transportation was modernized through the production of steam engine locomotives around the same time as well and famed scottish moral philosopher and economist adam smith later dubbed the father of capitalism began to promote a new form of economy that would make life easier for entrepreneurs and the changing means of production.
a stock exchange had already been established in london and by the 1790s the new york stock exchange was born and the industrial revolution as a whole was now spreading abroad to the united states and the rest of europe thanks to eager inventors and entrepreneurs and to the undeniable success that the revolution was having on production transportation communication and so much more and although there have been heated debates between economists and historians.
alike as to when the general standard of living increased due to the industrialization it is clear that following the first century of the process as wages were adjusted and changes were made to regulate things such as public health and sanitation life began to improve for the average citizen as the revolution spread through europe it first reached france and belgium shortly making its way to the germanic region then sweden and beyond the united states soon joined the industrialization movement.
through the adoption of british inventions and the production of some of their own like the cotton gin as the following decades played out the industrial revolution would continue to change the way the world worked across the board and create the modern way of life as we know it today and all of this occurred due to the unprecedented inventions and production shifts made in great britain likely to accommodate.
the growing domestic and international demand for commercial goods but the reason why it was able to begin and eventually spread outside of the british isles is because of the perfect storm of factors that existed in 18th century britain a stable government reliable economy a plethora of natural resources many entrepreneurial and inventive spirits accessible roads and ports for the moving of goods and materials and the eventual willingness to share these new discoveries all came together to birth one of the most important influential and modernizing periods of history for first great britain and then the world.
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