Jahan Ara: Daughter of Mughal King Shah Jahan
After years of exile in the life of the Mughal princess Jahan Ara and her family, the day came when her father became king. It is the day of the coronation of Prince Khurram and the palace is abuzz with preparations.
Where Ara writes of the day in her diary: ‘We all wore new clothes. I wore a silk tunic and dark blue pajamas with silver embroidery. He has taken a silver latticed dupatta. Roshan Ara wore the same design, the only difference being that the color of her dress is bright yellow and gold. Sati Al-Nisa Begum is looking stunning in purple dress and golden pashwaz.
Dara, Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad are wearing red pajamas and gold lined jackets with different colored waistbands.
Sati Al-Nisa opened the jewelry box and gave us and Roshan R necklaces, bangles, earrings and anklets. The boys were given pearl necklaces, bracelets, bracelets and rings.
“My mother was getting ready for hours and when we saw her, we kept looking at her because she had never looked more majestic and beautiful.”
All the great elders of the Mughal Empire are present in the Diwan-e-Aam. Curtains have been put up for women.
We sat by the chimney to see the court. Tried to identify the ones I could recognize. Nana Asif Khan was seen wearing a golden forehead and a red shawl over his shoulder. Abdul Rahim Khan Khanan had a conversation with Arjun Singh, the young prince of Mewar. Mahabat Khan was prominent in his white mustache.
Then I heard the sound of drums and realized that my father was coming. He was mentioned with so many titles and manners that Roshan Ara said, “I did not know that Abu had so many titles.” I whispered, “Do you think they’ll ever remember that?”
Where Ara further states that the father was wearing jewelry adorned with the finest jewels of the Mughal Empire. Her forehead was made of golden silk, which was worked with pearls and silver threads. There were diamond headpieces, a two-winged ornament on a turban, a necklace with six strings of pearls around the neck, and pearls the size of a dove’s egg. On his arm, he was wearing an armband and a ring, and he had rings on his fingers.
She writes that the coronation ceremony was very simple. The royal imam delivered a sermon and offered prayers. Then, one after the other, the nobles kept coming and giving them gifts with congratulations.
“There were gold seals, jewelry boxes, rare diamonds, pearls, precious Chinese silk garments, European perfumes and a variety of jewelry because the rich princes knew that their father loved jewelry.”
Dad made the first announcement as king. He told the audience that his mother’s address would be ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ from today and she would be given an annual stipend of Rs 1 million. Begum Noor Jahan should be given an annual stipend of Rs 200,000.
Nana Asif Khan had now become her father’s prime minister. They were given royal robes. Mahabat Khan was given the manor of Ajmer. Arjun Singh was given gold seals, jewels and horses.
What Ara has not mentioned is his own duty. This announcement may not have been made on that day as a month-long celebration was announced along with the coronation but his father and King Shah Jahan had fixed a stipend of Rs. Became the richest princess when she was only 14 years old.
It should be noted that very few names of women have come to light during the Mughal rule, including Gulbadin Begum, Noor Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal, Jahan Ara, Roshan Ara and Zeb Al-Nisa.
Two of them, namely Noor Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, should be the queen and the status of the rest should not be equal to that of Ara, because no one except Roshan Ara could become the head of the harem, ie Begum Sahiba or Badshah Begum.
When Ara’s mother died, she was only 17 years old, and from that moment on, the burden of the Mughal Empire’s harem fell on her shoulders.
King Shah Jahan was so saddened by his wife’s grief that in a way he started living a life of seclusion.
Mehboob-ur-Rehman Kaleem writes in his book ‘Jahan Ara’ that after the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the king wore black mourning clothes but some other historians say that he had adopted extreme simplicity and appeared only in white clothes. However, after the death of his wife, the hair of his beard had also turned white.
In such a world, instead of giving the responsibility of palace affairs to any of his other queens, Shah Jahan made his young daughter Jahan Ara King Begum and added another four lakh to his annual stipend which increased his annual stipend to one million. Done.
Dr Rahma Javed Rashid, an assistant professor in the Department of History and Culture at Jamia Millia in Delhi, told the BBC that two important women of the Mughal period were Noor Jahan and Jahan Ara Begum.
She was not the Queen of India, but after the death of her mother Mumtaz Begum, she remained the most powerful and powerful woman of the Mughal Empire all her life. After the death of her mother, she was given the title of King Begum and the entire responsibility of the shrine fell on the shoulders of this 17-year-old.
“Jahan Ara was the richest woman not only of India of her time but of the whole world and why not because her father was the richest king of India whose era has been called the Golden Age of India,” she said.
Era Makhoti, a well-known historian and author of Daughters of the Sun, says: “When Western tourists came to India, they were amazed at how influential the Mughal wives were. In contrast, British women at the time did not have such rights. He was amazed that the wives were doing business and she was instructing them on what to do and what not to do.
Where Ara’s wealth can be gauged from the fact that he had many estates, on the day his father was crowned, he was given one lakh nobles and four lakh rupees, while an annual stipend of six lakh was announced. What happened
And after the death of his mother, half of all his property was given to Ara and the other half was distributed among the other children.
Dr. M. Waseem Raja, Associate Professor of History at Aligarh Muslim University, mentions her wealth: “When she was made King Begum, on that day she was given a grant of Rs. was given. Among the gardens given to him are Bagh Jahan Ara, Bagh Noor and Bagh Safa. His estates included Achhal, Farjahra and Bachhol, Safapur, Dohara Sarkar and Panipat Pargana. He was also given the city of Surat where his ships sailed and traded with the British.
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