Jahan Ara: The most powerful princess of the Mughal period

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Jahan Ara: The most powerful princess of the Mughal period
Jahan Ara: The most powerful princess of the Mughal period

Jahan Ara: The most powerful princess of the Mughal period

The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan was playing chess with his eldest daughter Jahan Ara when his wife came running from the room of Mumtaz Mahal and informed that the condition of Queen Mumtaz Mahal was critical.

Where Ara ran to her mother and returned with these steps and informed her father that the mother’s pain was unbearable and the child could not get out of her womb.

Shah Jahan summoned his friend Hakim Alam-ud-Din Wazir Khan but he too failed to alleviate the distress of Mumtaz Mahal.

Well known historian Jadoo Nath Sarkar, in his book ‘Studies in Mughal India’, quotes the poet Qasim Ali Afridi as saying: Give health to his mother with the prayers of Shah, on the other hand, was exhausted with grief wherever he went.
He wrote: ‘It is a common belief that if the baby starts crying in the womb, it is impossible for the mother to survive.

Mumtaz Mahal summoned Shah Jahan to apologize for his wrongdoings and expressed one of his wishes. If possible, try to complete it. The king has sworn that every wish of yours will be granted. Mumtaz Mahal said that after my death you should build a mausoleum which has not been built in this world yet.

Jadu Nath wrote: “Immediately after that she gave birth to Goharara and herself fell into eternal sleep.”
Many historians later mentioned that Shah Jahan never recovered from this trauma. Z. A. Desai wrote in ‘Shah Jahan Nama of Inayat Khan’ that ‘Shah Jahan gave up music and started wearing white clothes. Due to constant crying, his eyes became weak and he started wearing glasses.

In the past, when he had a single white hair, he would pull it out, but within a week of Mumtaz’s death, his beard and hair turned white.
After that, Shah Jahan‘s dependence on his eldest daughter Jahan Ara and son Darul Shikoh increased.

Where Ara was born on April 2, 1614. Hari Khanum Begum, the wife of a courtier, taught him the royal method. Where Ara Bala was beautiful as well as a great scholar. He has written two books in Persian.

Five of the 19 buildings in the new city of Shahjahanabad, which was settled in 1648, were built under his supervision. The entire revenue of the port of Surat came from them. He had his own ship, the Sahib, which crossed seven seas to trade with the Dutch and British.

Ara Makhoti, a well-known historian and author of Daughters of the Sun, says, “When I started researching Mughal women, I found a map of Shahjahanabad, which we now call Old Delhi, where Ara Begum had supervised.” At present, the most beautiful bazaar, Chandni Chowk, is also their religion. She was the most important woman in Delhi at that time. She was highly regarded and very intelligent.

There was enmity between Darul Shikoh and Aurangzeb. Where Ara supported Darul Shikoh. But when Aurangzeb became king, he made Jahan Ara the king’s wife. The title of King Begum was given to the most influential woman of the Mughal Empire. It was first named after Noor Jahan.

Where Ara is considered one of the most civilized women of the Mughal period. Their annual income at that time was Rs. 3 million. Today, its value can be said to be Rs. 2 to 3 billion.
After that, Shah Jahan’s dependence on his eldest daughter Jahan Ara and son Darul Shikoh increased.

Where Ara was born on April 2, 1614. Hari Khanum Begum, the wife of a courtier, taught him the royal method. Where Ara Bala was beautiful as well as a great scholar. He has written two books in Persian.

Five of the 19 buildings in the new city of Shahjahanabad, which was settled in 1648, were built under his supervision. The entire revenue of the port of Surat came from them. He had his own ship, the Sahib, which crossed seven seas to trade with the Dutch and British.

Ara Makhoti, a well-known historian and author of Daughters of the Sun, says, “When I started researching Mughal women, I found a map of Shahjahanabad, which we now call Old Delhi, where Ara Begum had supervised.” At present, the most beautiful bazaar, Chandni Chowk, is also their religion. She was the most important woman in Delhi at that time. She was highly regarded and very intelligent.

There was enmity between Darul Shikoh and Aurangzeb. Where Ara supported Darul Shikoh. But when Aurangzeb became king, he made Jahan Ara the king’s wife. The title of King Begum was given to the most influential woman of the Mughal Empire. It was first named after Noor Jahan.

Where Ara is considered one of the most civilized women of the Mughal period. Their annual income at that time was Rs. 3 million. Today, its value can be said to be Rs. 2 to 3 billion.

Noor Jahan: The Mughal queen who is called the champion of women’s rights

Queen Noor Jahan was India’s most influential woman in the 17th century who played a historic role in the rule of the vast Mughal Empire.

Historian Ruby Lal explains why it is important to understand the history of Noor Jahan’s reign in order to understand the present.

At birth, she was named Mehralansa, but her husband and the Mughal emperor gave her the title Noor Jahan (Light of the World). She was born a few decades after the birth of Queen Elizabeth I, but she ruled a much more diverse region than her British counterpart.

The Mughals ruled the subcontinent for more than 300 years from the founding of their empire in the early 16th century.

It was the largest and most powerful empire in India. Many kings of this empire, including Noor Jahan, patronized art, music and architecture, and built large cities, magnificent palaces, mosques and tombs.

As the only female ruler of this empire, Noor is present everywhere in the folk tales of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Novels have been written on them, films have been made and plays have been aired.
The houses of Agra, a northern Indian city, and Lahore, a northern Pakistani city, during the Mughal and Noor Jahan eras, are full of stories about him.

Old men, tourist guides and enthusiastic historians like Noor Jahan and Jahangir meet and fall in love and tell the story of saving a village from a man-eating lion in their own way, how they rode on an elephant. He shot the lion with his gun.

People have heard stories of his love and bravery, but little is known about his political acumen, high spirits and his active world. She was a charming woman who ruled over a vast empire in spite of all the adversities.

She was a poet, a hunter and an architect. The design of the mausoleum he designed for his parents in Agra is later reflected in the Taj Mahal.
Queen Noorjahan, who played a significant role in the men’s world,

did not even come from the royal family. However, she rose to prominence from the king’s harem as a shrewd politician and Jahangir’s favorite wife, and ruled the Mughal Empire like a co-sultan.

In a situation where women were rarely involved in the work of the government, how could Noor Jahan become so powerful?

Much of the credit for this goes to his upbringing, the network of men and women around him, his special relationship with Jahangir, his ambition and his homeland and his people.

The Arabs and Persians called this region across the Indus River India, and India’s pluralistic, wealthy and tolerant civilization allowed different sensibilities, religions and traditions to coexist.

Noor Jahan was born in 1577 to a prominent Iranian family in Kandahar (present-day Afghanistan) who decided to leave their country and seek refuge in the more tolerant Mughal Empire as a result of growing intolerance during the Safavid period.

Noor Jahan, who grew up in a mixed tradition of her parents’ country and her new homeland, married Sherafgun, an official of the first Mughal government, in 1594. She moved with her husband to the rich Indian state of Bengal, where she gave birth to her only child.

When her husband was suspected of being involved in a conspiracy against Jahangir, the king ordered the governor of Bengal to present him at his court in Agra. But Noor Jahan’s husband was killed in a clash with the governor’s men.
Widow Noor Jahan found refuge in Jahangir’s harem where other women began to trust and praise her. Noor Jahan married Jahangir in 1611 and she became his 20th and last wife.

Although very few women were mentioned in the court records, Jahangir started mentioning his special relationship with Noor Jahan in his diary after 1614. And he described Noorjahan as a sensitive companion, a brilliant thinker, an expert adviser, a good hunter, an ambassador and a fan of art.

Many historians believe that Jahangir was a sick alcoholic who did not have the strength to pay attention to the government and that is why he handed over his government to Annan Noor Jahan. But this is not entirely true.

It is true that the king was Blancho and smoked opium. It is also true that he loved his wife very much. But these are not the reasons why Noor Jahan is an important ruler. In fact, Noor Jahan and Jahangir complemented each other and the king was never dissatisfied with the burden of being his co-ruler.
Immediately after the marriage,

Noor Jahan issued a royal decree to protect the land of one of his employees. In his edict, ‘Noorjahan Padshah Begum’ was written. And it was a sign of their dictatorship and progress in their authority.

In 1617, his name began to be engraved on gold and silver coins along with Jahangir’s name. Court historians, foreign ambassadors, merchants and courtiers soon began to realize their importance.

A courtier recounted an incident in which he surprised the people by coming to the royal attic reserved for men. This is not the only example of disobedience to their orders.

Whether it’s hunting, or issuing royal decrees and coins, designing government buildings, or helping poor women, or the voice of the underprivileged.

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