Tashkent Agreement: Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri
There are very few people in the history of India who started their life from a very small section of the society and then reached the most important place in the country.
Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India, was one such person who is remembered for his high values.
Whether it was his resignation from the post of Railway Minister after the train accident or his leadership in the 1965 Pakistan-India war or his slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’, he is remembered for setting a good standard in public life. Are done and examples like these are rare.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 in the Mughal Inn, but few people remember his birthday more than the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian nation.
However, during India’s struggle for independence, Lala Lajpat Rai, a well-known leader, founded a society called Servants of India, which aimed to provide financial assistance to freedom fighters from poor backgrounds. Lal Bahadur Shastri was also among the recipients.
Lalita Shastri’s answer
He was paid Rs. 50 per month by the society to run the house. Lal Bahadur Shastri once wrote a letter to his wife Lalita from jail asking if he was getting the Rs 50 on time and whether it was enough to run the house.
Lalita Shastri immediately replied that this amount was enough for her. She spends only 40 rupees and saves 10 rupees every month.
Lal Bahadur Shastri immediately wrote a letter to the Servants of India Society stating that his family’s livelihood was Rs. 40, so his financial assistance should be increased to Rs. 40 and the remaining Rs. Give to others in need.
Lal Bahadur Shastri’s son Anil Shastri says, “Once after dinner, his father called him and said, ‘I see you are not touching the feet of your elders.’ Your hands reach to their knees and do not touch their feet.
Anil did not admit his mistake and said that you must have seen my brothers doing this.
Lal Bahadur Shastri bent down and touched the feet of his 13-year-old son and said that this is how the feet of elders are touched.
Anil started crying over his action. He says that then that day and today is the day I touch the feet of my elders as they taught.
Home Minister of India
When Lal Bahadur Shastri was the Home Minister of India, renowned journalist Kuldeep Nair was his press secretary.
Kuldeep Nayyar recalls that once he and Shastri were returning from Mehroli after attending a program. There used to be a railway crossing on the way which was closed that day.
Shastri saw that sugarcane juice was being extracted there. “Why don’t you drink sugarcane juice until the gate opens,” he said. Before we could say anything, he went to the store himself and ordered sugarcane juice for me, the security guard and the driver.
“Interestingly, no one recognized them, not even the sugarcane juice seller.” Even if he had the slightest suspicion, he shook off his suspicion by wondering why the Indian Home Minister would come to his shop to drink sugarcane juice.
Bought a car with a loan
Until he became the Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri did not even have a house or a car. Once their children said that now you are the Prime Minister of India, now we should have our own car.
In those days a Fiat motor car cost Rs 12,000. He asked one of his secretaries how much money he had in his bank account. His bank balance was only Rs 7,000.
Anil recalls that when the children found out that their father did not have enough money to buy a car, they told him not to buy a car, but Lal Bahadur Shastri said that he would take a loan from the bank and collect the rest. ۔
He borrowed Rs 5,000 from the Punjab National Bank to buy a car. He died a year before the loan was repaid.
Indira Gandhi’s offer
Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister after him. He offered the government a debt waiver but his wife, Lalita Shastri, refused and continued to pay off the debt from his pension for four years after his death.
Anil explains that wherever he stayed on the posting, the car stayed with him. The car is still kept at the Lal Bahadur Shastri Memorial in Delhi and people come from far and wide to see it.
Son’s report card
When Shastri became the Prime Minister of the country in 1964, his son Anil Shastri was studying at St. Columbus School in Dahi. In those days there was no meeting between parents and teachers. However, parents were invited to collect student report cards.
Shastri also decided to go to his son’s school to get his report card. He got out of the car at the school gate. Although security guards asked him to bring the vehicle to the school premises, he refused.
“My class was on the first floor,” recalls Anil Shastri. He walked into my classroom himself. My class teacher, Reverend Tynon, was surprised to see them there and said, “Sir, why did you need to come here to get the report card?” Shastri replied, “I am doing what I have been doing for many years and will continue to do.”
“But now you are the Prime Minister of India,” Tainan said, smiling.
Tashkent Agreement and pressure on Shastri
Shastri was under a lot of pressure after the signing of the Indo-Pakistani agreement in Tashkent, Russia in 1966. He was facing severe criticism in India for returning Haji Pir and Tethwal areas to Pakistan.
He dialed the phone at his home in Delhi last night. “As soon as the phone rang, he said, ‘Call Ama.’ His eldest daughter came on the phone and said that Ama would not come on the phone. He asked why? The answer came because you gave Haji Pir and Tethwal to Pakistan and they are very angry about that. Shastri was shocked.
“After that, he kept going around the room,” says Kuldeep Nayyar. He then called his secretary to inquire about the reaction from India. The secretary said that so far two statements had been made, one by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the other by Krishna Menon and both had criticized him.
“At that time, there was a party celebrating the Pakistan-India agreement at the Tashkent hotel. Since I did not drink alcohol, I went to my hotel room and tried to sleep, because the next day I went to Afghanistan with Shastri.” Had to leave for
I dreamed that Shastri had passed away. Then there was a knock on the door of my room. When I came out, there was a Russian woman standing there. “Your prime minister is dying,” he said.
“I quickly put on my coat and came down,” says Kuldeep. When I reached outside Shastriji’s resting place, I saw the Russian Prime Minister standing on the porch.
He looked at me and pointed out that Shastri was no more. When I got there, there was a big room and a big bed in that room. On top of that, a very small man was lying lifeless like a dot. ‘
At about 2.30 pm General Ayub Khan came. “There is a man here who could have brought India and Pakistan together,” he lamented.
The highest civilian honors
It was India’s misfortune that after the Tashkent Agreement, it lost forever the leadership of this great man of short stature.
He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1966, and the famous Urdu poet Ali Sardar Jafari wrote a poem in recognition of his last achievement:
Celebrate love so that there is no smell of blood
Dark clouds of gunpowder opened all year
The last lightning of wars is extinguished
Tashkent evening smells of roses
God bless the dew
The earth is always thirsty for blood