What is the relationship between Silsi and Islam? | سلسی اور مسلمانوں کا صدیوں پرانہ رشتہ کیا ہے ؟

Friends, welcome to the Pakistanwap! Friends, today’s video is about an island, whose centuries-old history is known to a very few people Today, we will tell you about Sicily – an island in Europe, Italy – where there are no significant numbers of Muslims Muslims but its culture, customs and literature still have a deep imprint of Islamic culture The reason is – that Muslims have ruled this European island for about 200 years.

What is the relationship between Silsi and Islam? | سلسی اور مسلمانوں کا صدیوں پرانہ رشتہ کیا ہے ؟ | What is the centuries-old relationship between Silsi and Muslims?

What is the relationship between Silsi and Islam? | سلسی اور مسلمانوں کا صدیوں پرانہ رشتہ کیا ہے ؟

Let us tell you how the Muslims arrived there, how they established their rule, and when and how they had to leave this geographically very important island An introduction to Sicily Sicily is a very important island in the European country, Italy, covering an area of about 26,000 square kilometers It is the largest island of the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Palermo The current population of Sicily is close to four millions.

It is inhabited by French, Spanish, Italian, Arabic and Greeks The main reason for the historical importance of Sicily is its geographical position. If you look at the map, it has the continent of Europe on one side and Africa on the other side That is, it serves as a link between the two continents When and how did Sicily come under Muslim control from the Byzantines (Eastern Roman Empire)? Sicily first came under the control of the Byzantine Empire in the sixth century AD.

After falling into the hands of Byzantines, Sicily was run from Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) In the seventh century, when the Byzantines were gaining momentum in the West, the Rashidun Caliphate was in full swing in the Middle East In the meanwhile, Iran, Egypt, and some parts of North Africa had also become part of the Islamic Empire. Keep in mind that most of these areas were part of the Byzantine or Roman Empire before they came under the control of the Rashidun Caliphate.

In 652 AD, during the reign of the Rashidun Caliph Hazrat Usman Ghani, the Muslims had established their control over most of Sicily, but this control ended with his death. By the end of the seventh century, the Umayyad wars in North Africa resulted in the Muslims control and their settling in the city of Carthage on the east coast of present-day Tunisia. They built ports here and because of that, it became even easier to attack Sicily. By 700, the Muslims had gained control of another Italian island – Pantelleria.

At that time it was the only disunity of the Muslims that prevented them from occupying Sicily, otherwise the way was clear. During this period, trade agreements were also made between the Byzantines and Muslims, giving Muslim merchants access to Sicilian ports. The first planned attempt by Muslims to invade Sicily was made in 740, and the Muslims were successful in gaining control of Sicilian region of Syracuse.

It should not have been difficult to conquer Sicily then, but at the same time the people of North Africa revolted against the Islamic Empire and the Muslims who were advancing towards Sicily had to return to Tunisia. In 752, another attempt by the Muslims to invade Sicily was unsuccessful. In 826, Euphemius, a commander of the Byzantine Empire, was sent to Sicily for some official tasks, where he married a nun. When the news reached King Michael II, he ordered General Constantine – who was present in Sicily – to dissolve the marriage and cut off Euphemius’ nose,

but Euphemius killed General Constantine, instead and took control of the Sicilian region of Syracuse, which was later taken back, and Euphemius was deported to North Africa. Upon his arrival in North Africa, Euphemius offered to help the Tunisian emir, Ziadatullah, in gaining control of Sicily, and in return he asked for assurance of his full protection. Camps and epidemics at Mazara del Vallo And so, under the command of Asad Ibn Euphrates, ten thousand infantry,

seven thousand cavalry and one hundred boats entered Sicily from the Tunisian port and encamped at Mazara del Vallo. From here, on the 15th of July, 827, the Byzantines and the Ghalbis began to clash and the Muslims won. The Muslims advanced on Syracuse and took control of a large area, but a sudden outbreak of the plague forced them to return to the Mazara. End of the epidemic and Muslims control of Sicily 30,000 African and Andalusian soldiers joined the survivors of the Mazara plague in 830.

And finally a year later, the Sicilian capital, Palermo, was conquered by the Muslims and renamed as Al-Medina. Even after the conquest of Palermo, it took another one century to conquer the whole of Sicily. And finally, Sicily came under the complete control of the Muslims after the Byzantine occupation. Under Muslim leadership, a new era of Sicily began, the effects of which have not yet disappeared. Sicilian under Muslim rule The Muslim government in Sicily included Arabs, Berbers, Spanish Muslims and Sudanese.

Most Sicilians were Christians, and they had adopted some of the Islamic practices They were given the status of “Dhimmi” in the state. That is, some Islamic laws were applied to them in return for which they enjoyed complete religious freedom and protection of their property from the state. The same was the law for the Jews. After the establishment of Muslim rule in Sicily, Sicily made great progress. During the Muslim rule, the textile industry in Palermo was innovated and its products became popular in far-flung areas.

In the same way, many new industries started and new products started to be made. By the end of the tenth century, Sicily had become an important centre for the production of raw and knitted silk. Aluminum began to be exported. Factories of paper, ships and tiles were set up. The agricultural sector also developed during the Muslim rule in Sicily. Modern farming methods were used and for the first time in Sicilian history, malt, lemons, sugarcane, cotton, gram, mulberry, olives, watermelon, etc. were grown and sold in other areas and most of them are still a major source of income for Sicilians.

In addition, the irrigation system was fixed by setting up a canal system. Many new terms were introduced that are still in use. The Sicilian language borrowed many Arabic terms too. Sicily made tremendous progress during the Muslim period and this period is also considered to be the best period of Sicily. The Sicily had become a link between Muslim Spain and the Eastern Muslim world, and caravans carrying goods from Morocco and Africa would leave Morocco and, via Tunisia, reached shops in Palermo and Mazara. Similarly, European traders would come to Sicily in search of Eastern products.

Fortresses were built around Sicily to ward off attacks. Three hundred mosques were established in Sicily during this period. New buildings, hospitals, palaces and shops were built. People from other areas also began to move to Sicily. Ibn e Hawqal, a well-known geographer and traveller, after a tour of Sicily, called it a “city of three hundred mosques” and said that he had never seen so many mosques in a city even as twice as the size of this city. He likened these mosques to madrassas and training centers.

He declared the quality of educational institutions in Sicily as equal to those in Muslim Spain Similarly, another Muslim expedition that Ibn Jubyr visited Palermo and writes, “This city is enchanting. It has all the beauty of nature Gardens, wide roads and rivers are soothing to the eyes. The Christian women here dress like Muslim women and cover their faces. ” During this period Sicily also made great strides in science and literature.

Sicilian Muslims wrote books on various topics Ibn Yunus was a famous jurist of Sicily. Atiq bin Muhammad was a famous Sufi of Sicily. Abdullah was a Sicilian botanist and Abu Abdullah was a famous Sicilian mathematician. In the same way, countless poets, translators, economists, astronomers, linguists were born who lit candles of their knowledge not only in Sicily but all over the world. Their books are still preserved today. The fall of Muslims The decline of the Muslims in Sicily began in the eleventh century.

After being part of the Muslim empire for two centuries, Sicily went under the control of the Normans. According to some citations, some influential Muslim figures, due to differences among themselves, backed up with the Normans and accepted their obedience, but some traditions also cites the war and the killing of Muslims.

Thus Sicily easily came under Norman control the Norman government did not oppress the Muslims or people of any other religions, instead, they continued the works started by Muslims Muslims lived in Sicily for two hundred years after the establishment of the Norman government. During this time, Muslims continued to put their influence on Sicilian civilization and culture in every possible way. It is said that this effect reached Europe as well.

It is not wrong to say that although the Muslim rule was ended but the influence of the Muslims on Sicily did not end. Muslim-Christian culture flourished in Sicily. The culture and civilization of the Muslims was recognized by the Normans and they considered the Muslims to be very important in the development of Sicily. Roger II, who first took over the government of Sicily after the establishment of the Norman government, was considered more of a Muslim than a Christian. In the same way, all the Norman leaders who came in the beginning were in favor of the Muslims.

Even in the reign of Roger II, only Muslims held important positions in government. Such an example is not found anywhere else in the Christian era. Arabic language was used in the courts. Similarly, the style of government remained Islamic during the reign of William II. In 1198, grandson of Roger II, Frederick II became king of Sicily. Like his grandfather, he maintained an Islamic-style government. Connections were made with other Muslim governments. In those days, although Frederick would receive orders from the pope to expel Muslims from Sicily, but he would ignore it.

Complete eviction of Muslims from Sicily After Frederick II, the rulers of Sicily kept replacing and the Muslims faced various problems they were subjected to various restrictions. By the end of the fourteenth century, all Muslims had been expelled from Sicily and sent to the remote Italian island of Lucera. The expulsion of Muslims continued under the rule of various rulers. Every ruler was pressurized by the pope to expel the Muslims from Sicily During this time many Muslims were killed and forced to leave Sicily. Many Muslims were enslaved and sold. And many are still lost in history.

Today’s Sicily Thus, the Muslim- rule era spread over a period of two hundred years came to an end, but even today the influence of the Muslim rule is still depicted in the inhabitants and streets of Sicily Sicily is still different from the rest of Italy. The sports, food, customs and traditions reflect the Muslim civilization. Most of the churches in Sicily today, were used as mosques earlier. Quranic verses on the walls of Palermo’s cathedral still reminds of the golden age of Muslims. Friends, how did you like the story of Island Sicily? Tell us in the comments. Thank You!

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