Why did Britain leave the European Union? | برطانیہ یورپی یونین سے کیوں نکلا؟

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Welcome to Pakistanwap friends. On 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom officially declared goodbye to the European Union and is no longer a member of the European Union. Membership of UK in European Union and council of European union has been ended. Now UK cannot participate in any decision of the EU but for some legal reasons will remain part of the EU Common or Common Market until 31 December 2020.

Why did Britain leave the European Union? برطانیہ یورپی یونین سے کیوں نکلا؟ | Brexit | بریگزٹ

Why did Britain leave the European Union? | برطانیہ یورپی یونین سے کیوں نکلا؟

This time is called as the Transition Period. During this British citizens will have all the rights that EU member states enjoy, That means they can still travel and live around different countries of EU without a visa. While importing and exporting goods between the UK and the EU will be done under old rules. The UK is currently bound by the decisions of the EU High Court but this will change after 31 December 2020. British citizens and EU citizens will not be able to travel to each other’s countries without a visa .

UK will have to sign new trade agreements with the EU. The UK has 3.5 million EU citizens and 1.3 million British citizens living in the EU will have to apply for a residence permit. But the question is, UK becoming a part of the Union, it had numerous facilities including free movement of passengers and goods, Why did it separate itself from this powerful institution? The United Kingdom joined the European Community 47 years ago in 1973 and was renamed the European Economic Community (EEC) BREXIT, i.e why UK left EU?

The United Kingdom joined the European Community 47 years ago in 1973 and was renamed the European Economic Community (EEC). So in 1973, Britain had to overcome many obstacles to become part of that community. The countries in this community later on , in 1992 developed European Union. So in 1973, Britain had to overcome many obstacles to become part of that community. France opposition was a very huge obstacle. We have shown you in a video made on the European Union that the British had wanted to join the community since 1961,

but the French President Charles De Gualle first in 1963 and then in 1967 had vetoed the applications of UK to join EEC. De Gaulle’s position was blunt, saying that Britain’s accession to the European Union would reduce France’s influence in the community. His position was accurate because UK and France had been bitter enemies in the past. Whether it was the Hundred Years’ War fought in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Or the wars fought with Napoleon Bonaparte in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Britain and France have always been rivals, trying to degrade each other.

In all this, De Gualles postion was right that it was not uncommon for Britain to seek to reduce France's influence by becoming a member of the European Union. France was also afraid that UK after becoming part of EU strengthen the influence of United States in this community. Will do lobbing for it since there was ideal relationship between the United States and Britain . So now, on the one hand,

France was opposed to Britain's accession to the European Community, And on the other hand, Britain's own politicians did not have much interest in the European Community. They wanted to join this community because of their economic problems. By the end of the 1950s, he had tried his best not to be part of the European Committee because of the arrogance. Pride.

According to the Guardian, Britain was proud of its glorious past. Because the United Kingdom had become the world’s number one superpower before World War II. It relied on its strong arm based on its past and did not want to be part of any agreement or community where it could be judged by others. Because there was not only one single country in the European Community, decisions made by a majority had to be accepted by all. Britain saw this as a challenge to its sovereignty.

This is the reason , British president Clement Attlee, in 1950s said this to parliament that his labor party was not ready to accept this principles. The most important economic powers of this country should be handed over to a power which is a completely undemocratic power. In addition, the United Kingdom was very different from the rest of Europe in terms of geography and culture, So the United Kingdom felt that there was no need for it to join the European Union.

The third reason was the Commonwealth, which includes more than 50 countries, including Pakistan. They had a great deal of British influence and to some extent it remains till today, So the UK felt that by following the rule of single market set by EU, it will not be as important in the Commonwealth as it once was. It will not be able to trade with these countries at will and will have to follow EU rules when it comes to trade. So friends, these were the reasons why neither Britain was ready to join the EU nor France was welcoming it to the EU,

but things kept changing. Britain was caught up in the post-World War II economic crisis. Commonwealth countries also began to enter into agreements with the European Union. The United States, Britain’s closest ally, was also backing the agreement between the Commonwealth countries and the European Union. In such a situation, Britain was beginning to feel that if it did not join the European Union, it would be left politically isolated. Thus, suppressing its national pride and lowering the arrogance,

the United Kingdom began to apply for membership in the European Community. In France, after the fall of de Gaulle’s government in 1969, no British adversary remained. So when Britain applied for membership of the European Union for the third time in 1973, no one denied the request. The United Kingdom had also received the edge that Denmark and Ireland had also applied to join the European Union. If there was a veto against Britain, Denmark and Ireland would also be left out of the European Union.

The members of the European Union did not want to deprive the three countries of their membership at the same time. Thus Britain was made a part of the European Union. The United Kingdom also held a referendum in 1975 to seal its decision to become part of the European Community, In which 67% of British citizens voted in favor of remaining in the European Community. Following the referendum, the United Kingdom became a permanent part of the European Community and ratified the EU’s trade rules

. But the sense of national pride and arrogance that existed in Britain did not fade. Which is why the movement to leave the European Community has always existed in Britain. In the United Kingdom, Opponents of The European Community which later became the European Union was termed as Eurosceptic. They have been calling for a referendum to remove Britain from the European Union. Because of them, the United Kingdom did not accept the 1985 Schengen Agreement. Under the agreement,

26 European countries have lifted border controls and allowed free travel without visas and passports. But Britain did not accept the agreement. When the euro currency was introduced in 1999, the United Kingdom did not adopt the currency despite meeting the standards set for it. Instead, they kept the British pound as their currency. In 1991, eurosceptics formed a separate party called as In order to start a struggle to separate Britain from the European Community or the European Union. The party, later renamed UKIP,

was a small party but also had Eurosceptics in Britain’s two main parties, Labor and the Conservatives. The biggest objection the British Eurosceptic had to the EU was that it was causing large numbers of people from the EU to come to the UK to find work, and to reduce the availability of jobs for their own people. Unemployment was on the rise . Although at first it was wrong to say that most people who came to the UK for jobs etc, came from other parts of the world, not from the EU, But between 2003 to 2015 People coming to UK from the European Union and other countries had same ratio.

During these twelve years, half a million foreign nationals have come and settled in the UK, of which about half were European citizens. Thus, Eurosceptic had the opportunity to propagate that if the UK wanted to overcome its immigration problem, it would have to leave the EU. The second objection from Eurosceptics was that the United Kingdom, being a member of the European Union, Had to pay three and a half million pounds a week to the European Union, from which the Union runs its expenses.

Eurosceptics said the money should be spent on developing the country, rather than giving it to the union. This objection was somewhat justified because under EU law the richer countries were obliged to pay more to the EU, And whereas the less developed countries paid less and reaped more benefits. Now that Germany is in the EU after The United Kingdom was the second largest economy in the world, So it paid highest money to union after Germany. So the British Eurosceptics think that it would be better to spend their tax money on them instead of giving it to EU for less profit.

By the way, compared to the supporters of the European Union in Britain, they used to say that the Eurosceptics are lying. Britain does not give three and half million to EU. However , the paid amount is much less. But in Britain since 2010, there has been an atmosphere in which pro-union sentiment has not faltered, and Eurosceptics propaganda has been successful. Eurosceptics also denied that the union was changing British sovereignty. 62% of the laws made for the British people are coming from the EU,

while their opponents said that only 13% of the laws are made by the EU, All other laws come to the British Parliament for legislation. But this argument of the proponents of the EU did not work and the opposition of the European Union to the British people grew. In 2013, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron also succumbed to the pressure of the ruling Conservative Party’s Eurosceptics. He announced that if his party won the 2015 election, they would hold a referendum on whether Britain should join the European Union or not.

And that this announcement would intensify the activities of anti-EU activists in Britain. They began to gain popularity among the people. The following year, when the European Union elections were held in the United Kingdom in 2014, The Eurosceptic party UKIP won 24 of the 73 seats reserved for the United Kingdom. After this victory , they were defeating main parties i.e Labor and the Conservatives. After the party’s victory, the political struggle to separate Britain from the European Union intensified. In next year , may 2015 elections held in UK.

Conservative party of President Cameron won. After that victory, Cameron had to hold a referendum as promised. The June 23, 2016 date for the referendum was fixed. Now the preparations for the referendum have begun in earnest. On October 8, 2015, Eurosceptics also launched a vote leave campaign, a referendum on separating from the European Union. According to the campaign’s official website, Britain would save 350 million pounds a week if it seceded from the European Union. It will also be free to trade with the rest of the world, including Australia,

New Zealand and India. Britain will be able to legislate on its own. British citizens were warned by campaign , If they remained in the European Union. So they have to pay a heavy price. Because five new states, including Turkey, are about to join the European Union. so, immigration will be out of control in the UK. We will also have to bail out the countries whose economies are failing due to the use of Euro currency and so on. The vote-leaving campaign had a significant effect, and British people became even more hostile to the European Union.

However, the game was not easy for Eurosceptics, as people in the UK, Scotland and the capital London, favored the EU. Apart from London, people in the rest of England and Wales were in favor of leaving the EU. Only British and Commonwealth citizens were given the right to vote for Brexit. The people of EU came from other countries were not able to cast vote. Yet when the referendum was held on 23 June 2016, there was a contest. When the result of the referendum comes, Eurosceptics will win by a margin of barely 3 or 4%.

They won. 51.9% of the voters voted in favor of Brexit while 48.1% voted against. In terms of age, the old people voted in favor of Brexit while the youth voted in favor of the union. Although the referendum was held by Prime Minister David Cameron, he himself was not a supporter of Brexit. He resigned the day after the result referendum against the EU came. Theresa May was nominated as the new Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, but it was not easy for Britain to secede from the European Union.

The United Kingdom needed at least two years to withdraw from the treaty and for new treaties, Meaning it had to leave the union until 2018 after the 2016 referendum, but that did not happen again and Brexit was delayed. The United Kingdom has repeatedly called for an extension of the Brexit, and each time the European Union has granted a respite. Due to the lack of Brexit, the British Parliament was repeatedly rejecting the draft agreement with the European Union. Finally, after lengthy negotiations, on 17 October 2019,

both the European Union and the UK agreed on a withdrawal agreement or the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. The agreement set January 21, 2020, as the date for Britain to leave the European Union. But the legal hurdle was whether or not the British Parliament would approve it. Then came a twist to the story. In December 2019, the Conservative Party won re-election and Burke Johnson became the country’s new Prime Minister. He himself was a Eurosceptic and in the 2016 referendum he even ran leave vote, ie campaign in favor of Brexit. Therefore,

the Brexit process was likely to be completed soon before he became the Prime Minister. Then the same thing happened. Johnson completed the Brexit process in less than two months. Johnson became Prime Minister in December 2019. The following month, January 9, 2020, the British House of Commons passed a draft of withdrawal activity. After that, the rest of the formalities were completed quickly. On January 22, the British House of Lords also approved this agreement.

The agreement also received immediate approval from the Queen. On January 29, the European Parliament also approved the agreement. Two days later, on January 31, Brexit took place. Britain bids farewell to EU. Its nominal relationship with the European Union will last until December 31, 2020. After that, the two will part ways forever.

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