in this article, we will talk about that Why did Italy Join The Axis Powers? italy’s reputation in world war ii is generally marked by his decision to switch sides from the axis to the allies this generally leaves us wondering why the italians ever aligned themselves with germany if they were only going to deceive them with such ease later on so why did italy ever join the axis powers to understand why the italian leadership felt that they would benefit more from an alliance with hitler than anyone else.
we first have to look at why italy may have viewed the alternatives as adverse options one of the main reasons for this was likely due to the outcome of the paris peace conference similar to the germans the italians were profoundly unhappy with the terms of the treaty of versailles although italy would technically claim victory considering the fact that they had ended the war alongside the allied powers.
it seems that the aftermath did not treat them as victors having already lost a vast number of casualties during world war 1 the treaty of versailles additionally stripped the italians of lands that they had believed they should have been promised by the treaty of london during the negotiations of the paris peace conference italy reminded the allies of their earlier commitment demanding that they be given the new territory to add to their northern border and asked for an additional strip of land as well to the italian’s great agitation.
the allies declined the new request for more additional land beyond the prior agreement and instead gave that strip and more to neighboring yugoslavia this anger drove them to a nationalist-led italian occupation of field which eventually ended when the italian government refused to annex the city as italy and germany now both tried to bounce back from the war and figure out how to deal with the disappointment of the peace treaty.
they began to develop a sense of cooperation with each other something that helped with this kindling friendship was the advancement of fascism in both nations the country’s nationalist fascist party came to power in 1922 with benito mussolini at its helm as prime minister this new leadership quickly began to stamp out any competition and established their totalitarian rule.
the nationalist party was violently anti-socialist despite the fact that mussolini himself had actually been a part of the socialist party until he was booted for supporting italy’s entry into the great war nonetheless since he had newly adopted a strong anti-socialist sentiment this put mussolini and his party on the same page as the german national party which would greatly benefit them later on by the end of 1925.
prime minister benito mussolini had now become il duche or the leader of the entire italian government this made the position of the fascits and the fight against socialism in italy even stronger which would have begun to have great appeal to germany as their own government soon went in the same direction furthermore as the german national socialist party rose to power mussolini would have seen germany in an even better light still by this point though before the rise of german fascism mussolini viewed germany.
as a much better potential ally than the actual allied powers at the start of his reign ill deuce was already looking to partner with the contemporary weimar republic during their dispute with yugoslavia and france over the previously occupied territory of fume hoping to consolidate his own power and keep his former socialist party at bay having the germans.
on his side was likely a good idea when the 1930s rolled around even hungary’s prime minister was aware of the growing bonds between the nationalists of germany and the fascists of italy the hungarian leader gila gombos was so enamored by the german italian relationship that he even hoped and attempted to add his own nation into this unofficial alliance gumbos unexpectedly died in 1936 before having finished negotiations concerning a partnership with germany which left hungary with no more than the rome protocols from italy.
the relationship between germany and italy was also on the rocks at this point the matter of germany annexing austria had thrown a wrench in things as mussolini was strongly opposed to the idea of ancelus the government in austria at the time was largely anti-socialist and mussolini warned hitler that he wanted to see this leadership remain the latter responded quite indignantly stating that he wished to throw the austrian chancellor engelber duff loose into the sea mussolini did not take this lightly and he quickly began to lose trust.
in the german government not only was he displeased with the austria situation but he found the likelihood that the germans would leave the region of south tyrol to italy as they had previously promised concerningly low nonetheless both leaders were still open to maintaining friendly ties and decided to meet for the first time in 1934.
this venice conference quickly became contentious as hitler tried to strong-arm mussolini into approving the annexation of austria and mussolini refused to give in despite the heated nature of the negotiations the german chancellor eventually agrees to at least temporarily respect italy’s wish and leave austria alone only a few weeks.
after the tense meeting though chancellor defleus was assassinated and mussolini immediately blames his german counterpart which may have been partially valid given the fact that it was his supporters of the annexation who took down the austrian leader italy reacted by deploying troops and warning the germans that any military action against austria might end in a war with italy despite how hard the italians had previously worked to build friendly relations luckily for mussolini germany promptly cut ties with their supporters.
in austria and took no responsibility for the assassination the italian leader had lost confidence in germany and now turns to france in hopes of forming an alliance that would better protect austrian independence after germany’s support despite all-around condemnation of italy’s invasion of ethiopia though the tides turned back in favor of a german italian alliance a perfect opportunity to restore the friendly ties came when the spanish civil war erupted in 1936 and italy decided to intervene possibly.
as a symbol of unity the germans did the same both sides sent airplanes men and weaponry to the nationalists following this joint intervention the italian foreign minister galia zocchano was invited to berlin in hopes of taking the alliance even further deliberations were soon scheduled between the german ambassador and channel so they could discuss the next steps though the negotiations were at times heated and there appeared to once again be a risk of losing the friendship the results.
in the end were positive by the conclusion of the talks germany and italy had set up the new rome berlin axis alliance the reason behind italy’s determination to form this partnership both politically and militarily up to this point had been based on more than just the similar government structures and shared anger over the terms of the treaty of versailles maybe more importantly.
the alliance had become readily significant for italy because they wanted a war with france the aim was to begin war preparations in 1935 despite the temporary cooperation with france because by this point germany would be freed from some of the terms listed in the 1919 treaty both sides were in need of rebuilding and rearmament before the retaliatory war could be truly considered against france.
though and germany was especially desperate for increased weaponry after its military had been nearly stripped bare by the treaty of versailles this likely played a role in why germany was so eager to form an official alliance with italy so when the pact of steel was finally signed on may 22nd 1939 the reason which had led to italy’s decision to join the axis side of world war ii was rooted almost entirely.
in the regime of mussolini the need to consolidate and grow his rule and the determination to fight off socialism were both key priorities for mussolini that the germans could easily assist him with despite the temporary disputes between the fascist powers it appears that both sides understood the greater benefit.
in staying together than attempting to align with those they had both deemed as unreliable after the paris peace conference mussolini felt that his best chances of expanding his party and regime keeping socialist enemies at a low or non-existent and retaliating for the losses after versailles was to work with the axis powers.
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