in this article, we will talk about that why did the Mauryan Empire Collapse? it is the Year 250 BC in the Indian subcontinent an empire reached its zenith the Maurya Empire was geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 331 BC and 187 BC comprising.
the majority of South Asia the Mali Empire was centralized by conquering the indo-gangetic plain in the eastern extent of the Empire and had its capital city at Pataliputra the Empire was the largest to have ever existed in the Indian subcontinent expanding more than five million square kilometers Chandragupta.
Maurya was the founder of the mauryan empire in ancient Magatha in modern-day Bihar which is a state of India he conquered the Nanda Empire and the eastern provinces of Seleucid Empire he managed to establish the largest empire that would ever exist in the Indian subcontinent Chandragupta Maurya raised an army and the Nanda Empire in 323 BC.
then he rapidly expanded his power westwards across central and western India by conquering the satraps former provinces led by Alexander the Great who created the Macedonian Empire at his huge dimensions he died at a young age in 323 BC his death will crumble his empire.
which will become weak and hopeless in the face of its enemies arrivals Alexander’s death was the principal factor of the collapse of his Empire which was separated in four weaker pieces by 317 BC the Mauryan Empire had fully occupied northwestern India defeated Seleucus.
the first the commander and founder of the seleucid empire during the Seleucid Mauryan war thus gained additional territory west of the indus river under Chandragupta Maurya and his successors internal and external trade agriculture and economic activities all thrived and expanded across India thanks to the creation of a single and efficient system of finance administration and security.
after the Kalinga war the Empire experienced nearly a half-century of peace and security modern India also enjoyed an era of social harmony religious transformation and expansion of the science and knowledge the population of the Empire was at a time around 60 million people making the Moriya one of the most populated empires of antiquity.
the power of the states even if you’re speaking about an empire from two thousand years ago were a present-day country stays in its dimensions and manpower having a greater that mentions or a population there are more chances that your economy will be bigger you can afford the large militaries of your kingdom and pile country has more chances to be more powerful.
as in the jungler rule the small is eaten by the big one of course to our history many times small armies faced bigger ones smaller kingdoms faced larger empires and there were times on against the ants the small one even if the big guys were defeated they had the resources to recover faster.
the large structure is the heart to be defeated Mauryan Empire was a true power an unsecured tea as always our question is [Music] it seems like there is a patent in our history no matter how big the political Empire Wars sooner or later the downfall was imminent what they were speaking about the persian indian macedonian or roman empire’s everyone.
in history collapsed for some obvious causes the mauryan empire had many rulers for now i just presented the first one another important figure was Ashoka Ashoka was a brilliant commander who crushed revolts in his empire he managed to win wars against its enemies reasserting the empire superiority in southern and western india in his conquest of Kalinga hundreds of thousands of people were affected by the destructions and what followed after.
the world many of them died it was a massacre a very bloody war when he personally saw the devastation Ashoka began filling remorse and guilty after the annexation of Kalinga was completed Ashoka embraced a teaching of Buddhism and is believed that he renounced violence and wars I’ve shown you before signs of Buddhism.
in the Empire even if in the territory were many religions and cultures the religious harmony started to exist after the next event Ashoka send out missionaries to travel around South Asia and then further to spread Buddhism then he expanded friendly relations with other states many years of peace and prosperity made his guy one of the most successful and famous monarchs.
in the Indian history but this rule was the zenith of its empire and after his death the fall started it’s believed at the wick successors of Ashoka are responsible for the collapse of dese my Empire the next 50 years were followed by a succession of weaker Kings.
there are many sources in Indian history and it’s not known for sure who succeeded to the throne after Ashoka Hindu Buddhists and China give confusing accounts of these rulers it seems that Ashoka had a blind son and his grandson – Shaka succeeded it’s commonly held to have succeeded him.
as the Imperial ruler of India – errata ruled over a declining political Empire he is not known as a great leader several territories of the Empire broke away from central rule during his reign after the death of this guy the Empire died 250 years later.
in those years six or seven men ruled it if we are doing a simple calculation dividing 50 years by 6 in average everyone could have ruled around 8 years in this Empire which is a very small room for a monic having so many Emperor’s in such a small period of time.
he’s showing us that the instability and no leadership was present in that Empire a big Empire should be ruled by strong Emperor’s as strong administration it wasn’t for anybody to rule such a colossus the Mauryan Empire expanded pretty quickly in every direction.
they could the strong leadership managed to maintain this Empire unite and strong but in those sixty million people were many nationalities religions and cultures it seems this is a problem in every big Empire of antiquity the vastness of an empire could mean power or its own graveyard from the days of Chandra Gupta.
the Mauri administration was strong enough to control the distant provinces it was also necessary for the provincial governments to enjoy and to have enough power when the centre declined and its authority became weak the province is assumed in the and that character is believed at after Ashoka’s death some various Maria provinces broke away from the central administration from the days of Alexandra’s invasion.
the northwestern frontier of India remained exposed to the Greeks someone successful attempts of king Antiochus the great to conquer the Indian lands it’s believed that he had crossed to Indian territories after that references are available to further Greek invasions it is now that the greeks enter deep into Indian territories and it’s showing us that the mauryans were not longer capable to defend themselves.
when the Moriya rule was thus weakening and the Empire was breaking up within the half century after Ashoka’s death then finally came a deathblow to eat by an internal revolt the revolt was led by chief of the Mori Army the general pushyamitra in about 185 BC.
when the Moriya King 300 had rules it is described history that the general organized the parades of the army to which he invited King to witness by doing this it was created a very good occasion to kill him having the support of the army the killing of mauryan emperor brought the end for this big entire but why did this happen it was like a coup a revolt of a general backed by a army and this was a result of the bad administration that followed.
after Ashoka’s death in those times empires were led by dynasties the first great Indian Empire gave to the country a glorious period and it collapsed forever but it lived from that time in books and in the history of Indian culture and remained.
as a symbol for today’s India more than 2,000 years past but we can see symbols from that time in today’s Indian administration symbols like Ashoka Chakra here on the Indian flag and the national emblem of India the lion capital of Ashoka.
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