in this article, we will talk about why did the Qing Empire Collapse? China a country with a rich past was ruled by many dynasties across the history the Chinese civilization was one of the greatest of the ancient worlds and from that time on until 1911 they were ruled by different families in groups the Ming Dynasty were great Ming which ruled China for about two hundred and seventy-six years.
until 1644 was the last imperial dynasty of China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese after some rebellions and instability demand Koreans under Ching started to roll China from 1644 to 1911 this will became the last imperial dynasty in the Chinese history we can say that in this era of Qin some very good things happen here the population grew from 150 to 450 million.
the integrated national economy was established and in 1689 that treaty was concluded with Russia nerchinsk establishing the northern extent of the Manchurian boundary at the Argan River over the next year’s mongols were defeated and the empire was extended to alter Mongolia Tibet.
through his son and Nepal in the 18th century the economy flourished under the to succeeding Emperor’s young child and camryn commerce in the industries prospered and grew painting and porcelain manufacture flourished and new technological and scientific methods were developed also Catholic missionaries were tolerated accepted and employed.
in the empire this decision was a good one for this Empire instead in Japan crochet tours banned some centuries before the Ching Empire appear so orderly and prosperous in the 18th century that the French philosopher Voltaire praised the Chinese for having the most effectively organized government that the wolf has.
ever seen the fall and collapse of Qing Dynasty was caused by external and internal changes within and outside the dynasty the next rulers however were unable to meet the problems caused by increased population pressure and concentration of land ownership the Manchu Army’s deteriorated and the situation was aggravated.
even more by severe floods and famine ephors for modernization westernization met opposition from conservative officials bureaucratic inefficiency and corruption became widespread the corruption peasant arrest population growth the worse and influence and the new bad administration’s were factors that led to the Tai ping and Mian rebellions.
in the south and north against the Manchu regime one good reason is that a majority of Chinese population were Han Chinese and they never fully accepted the ching rule a trade imbalance happen here Great Britain was a very powerful colonial empire once spread across the globe for them and for other Europeans traders very important for their local economies.
the always trying to find new valuable things and new cultures but when the country you need goods from does not really need to trade the goods with him some problems could happen this is what happened between Great Britain and Qing Dynasty there was a high demand for Chinese seen Great Britain and in Europe but a low demand for Britain’s good.
in China Great Britain was in depth to China and they had to do something about it to get out as a result they started to sell silver to make the imbalance better silver wasn’t so important for the Chinese so Great Britain was still behind in payments.
when selling silver did not work they began selling opium which is a plant grown in India smoked from a pipe Chinese people became quickly addicted to this drug and traded the silver originally from Great Britain to get opium China tried to make new restrictions against foreign merchants and ships and Great Britain did not like this idea and fought back resulting in the opium war of course Britain came out on top because he had better artillery forcing China to sign the treaty of Nanjing this was only the beginning of the Western influence.
in China because now more ports were opened all trade was put and European control causing more Western ideas and cultures to spread it a China the First Opium War revealed the old dated site of the Chinese military.
the Ching Navy composed entirely of wooden sailing ships and all severely outclassed by the modern tactics and firepower of the British Royal Navy the British technology is the outmaneuvered and outgunned Qing forces and ground battles the surrender in 1842.
this world showed it a Western wall that a big Chinese Empire has some weak spots their defeat attracted more attention the Western powers became largely unsatisfied of the Treaty of Nanjing and then China’s income fell sharply during the words as verse areas of farmland were destroyed millions of lives were lost and countless armies were razed and equipped to fight through billions Britain tried to renegotiate.
the Treaty of the Jean in certain clauses allowing British commercial access to Chinese rivers and the creation of a permanent British Embassy at Beijing due to the failure of the treaty to satisfy British goals of improved trade and diplomatic relations and because of an incident with a ship the Second Opium War started the British and the French joined forces in the second war and together they attacked and occupied Canton in late 1857.
the United States was involved in a minor conflict during this war they ignore the UK’s offer of Alliance and did not coordinate with angle French forces the US Navy participated in the Battle of Pearl River forts and the ships bombarded and attacked the river force near Canton after some diplomatic efforts the American and Chinese government signed.
an agreement for a u.s. neutrality completely unprepared for such a war the Ching dynasty lost and Britain imposed unequal treaties and to control of millions of pounds of silver to compensate for the British lost of Oakland this humiliation showed all of China’s subjects neighbors and tributary says that once multi China was no weak and vulnerable.
the unequal treaties is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the nineteen and attended centuries by Qing Dynasty in this time China suffered military defeats and loss of Wow the Treaty of egg of 1858 was an unequal treaty between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Ching and which Russians get some lands.
in Manchuria the convention of peking this was a great blow for the chief cites the first convention of peking sometimes known as the convention of beijing is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties concluding between the Qing Dynasty of China and United Kingdom French Empire and Russian Empire in 1816 after this treaty China will be humiliated some of the articles of the treaties say that Hong Kong area will be given to United Kingdom and more land for material will be given to Russian Empire and Europeans will have a larger influence.
in this territory the Dungan revolt happened this was a mainly ethnic and religious war and it caused millions of deaths the first sino-japanese war started in 1894 and was fought between Qing Dynasty of China and the Empire of Japan primarily for the influence over Korea again.
a massive defeat for the Chinese spheres of influence started to exist here some European powers used some events as protects to gain control of some areas the imperialist design of European powers and the instability of Qin government created conditions that led to the emerges in 1900.
local groups of boxers proclaim support for Qing Dynasty and killed foreign missionaries and large numbers of Chinese Christians then a coalition of European Japanese and Russian armies known as the 8th nation alliance entered China without any diplomatic notice much less permission.
after a short but hard-fought campaign they gene was occupied victorious Allies drew up scores and demands on King government including compensation for their expenses in invading China and execution of complicit officials after the Boxer Rebellion the Ching dynasty tried to reform itself to please Bo Chinese people and other nations but despite his efforts brothers.
the dynasty needed to be replaced soon yet semi from the revived China Society in nitin appoint a conventional Seldon order to unite the radical groups of China she / – Ching these groups who became the Nationalist Party of China which will embrace nationalism democracy and freedom in 1908 the Empress of Ching died and just an infant error existed which lack of stability the government was overtone with little event but new problems arise for the Chinese from now.
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