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Why was the meteorite that destroyed dinosaurs so deadly?

According to a new study, the space rock, which has wiped out 75% of the Earth’s species, including dinosaurs, could not have been a more dangerous place to wreak havoc on the Earth, according to a new study. Angle was also the deadliest.

Why was the meteorite that destroyed dinosaurs so deadly?

Gareth Collins, a professor at Imperial College London, says: ‘Collisions at an angle of 45 to 60 degrees are very effective in converting rocks into vapors and into debris. If the collision is at an angle less than or greater than this, the amount of matter reaching the atmosphere will not cause as much climate change.

Computer simulations and research on the site of the crater suggest that the boulder struck at an angle of 60 degrees to the ground, causing enormous environmental damage.We know that the rocks that hit the rock in the Gulf of Mexico contained large amounts of sulfur or sulfur due to the mineral gypsum. When this material soared into the air and mixed with water vapor, it gave rise to the ‘global winter’.

And the angle of the collision ensured that the environmental crisis was more severe and prolonged.Professor Collins is part of an international research team that is researching the structure of the crater created by the fall of this meteorite, which is the message of death.

Today, the 200-kilometer-wide crater lies beneath the Mexican island of Yucatan, and its safest central part is a short distance from the port of Chکسxولlub.It is also difficult to estimate how much power it must have taken to create such a large crater.

This meteorite is thought to have a diameter of 12 km, and it made a hole about 30 km deep in the uppermost surface of the earth. When the rocks at the base of this bowl-shaped pit melted, they raised the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, in a matter of minutes. But it could not remain and collapsed back and leave the peaks in the form of circles as remnants.What is interesting from Professor Collins’ point of view is the presence of disproportionate structures at the site of Chaxolob.

For example, if you look in the middle of a pit, see the rings of its tops and the raised rock that lies beneath the surface of the earth, all these things are not exactly above each other. They are actually located northeast to southwest and the center of the crater is between the rings of the peaks.This method is important to know from which direction this meteor came and from which angle it hit the earth.

Dr Collins, a researcher at Imperial College, conducted several simulations on the UK High Council for Science and Technologies Facilities’ Direct High Performance Computing Facility.

And the actual structure of the crater can only be obtained in the simulation when the meteor come from the northeast and hit the ground at an angle of 60 degrees.

Professor Joanna Morgan, co-author of the study, said: “Knowing the direction of the collision means that we now know which part of the area was most affected.And Sean Gleck, a professor at the University of Texas at Austin, told BBC News: It happens. ‘

“A 60-degree angle is one of the worst angles that has the potential to evaporate large amounts of sulfur rocks into the atmosphere,” he says. He says that these results are necessary to understand how this meteor caused death.Gleck and Morgan led the expedition that dug into the Chaxolob pit in 2016 to obtain some of these rocks for analysis.A high-resolution seismic survey is expected to follow this summer, which will provide a better three-dimensional picture of the entire area.


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